During WWII, the Nazis created the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw where an estimated 500,000 people were crammed into an area not bigger than one square mile (2·6 sq km) with families forced to live in squalid, overcrowded conditions. Many inhabitants would be transported to the nearby Treblinka death camp. Seventy-one years ago today, 19th April 1943, marked the beginning of the Warsaw ghetto uprising when about 1,000 Jewish resistance fighters fought back against Nazi brutality in order to reclaim some dignity rather than be taken to the death camps. One month later, Jewish resistance was crushed and the Nazis liquidated the ghetto. About 50 of the 1,000 fighters escaped through the sewers and went on to fight in the second Warsaw uprising by the Polish Home Army in August 1944.
Fragments of the ghetto still remain in Warsaw, such as the tenement buildings (below) on Ulica Prozna. In 1994 an appeal was made by Golda Tencer (Shalom Foundation) for people to send photos of Ghetto inhabitants so that their lives could be commemorated via photographs posted on tenement buildings which once housed Jewish residents. In 2008 the I can see their faces exhibition was mounted.